Definition: Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) (udtales mu:ks) er betegnelsen for åbne online-kurser, der gøres tilgængelige for mange deltagere.

Begrebet MOOC blev første gang brugt af Dave Cormier i 2008 i forbindelse med et kursus, som blev udbudt af the University of Manitoba.[1]

Der findes flere definitioner på MOOCs:

OpenupEd:

“MOOCs are courses designed for large number of participants, that can be accessed by anyone anywhere as long as they have an internet connection, are open to everyone without entry qualifications, and offer a full/complete course experience online for free.”[2]

WhatIs.com:

“A massive open online course (MOOC) is a free Web-based distance learning program that is designed for the participation of large number of geographically dispersed students.”[3]

The MOOC Model for Digital Practice:

“A MOOC is an online course with the option of free and open registration, a publicly-shared curriculum, and open-ended outcomes. MOOCs integrate social networking, accessible online resources, and are facilitated by leading practitioners in the field of study. Most significantly, MOOCs build on the engagement of learners who self-organize their participation according to leaning goals, prior knowledge and skills, and common interest.”[4]

MOOCs udbydes ofte af universiteter og er en slags 2. generation online-kurser.

Via internettet begyndte universiteter således i første omgang at udbyde OpenCourseWare, dvs. forskelligt materiale (noter, videoer m.v.), som giver internetbrugere mulighed for at følge med på sidelinjen i kurser, der afholdes for studerende på universitetet, mens MOOCs er kurser, som bliver udviklet direkte til internetbrugere.

Pionéren inden for OpenCourseWare er MIT OpenCourseWare,[5] mens den største udbyder af MOOCs er Cousera.[6]

Find flere eksempler på MOOC og OpenCourseWare i online-kataloget www.wikinomics.dk.

Noter:

[1] Dave’s Educational Blog: “The CCK08 MOOC – Connectivism course, ¼ way”, www.davecormier.com, 2. oktober 2008.
[2] OpenupEd: “Definition Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)”, www.openued.eu, 12. marts 2015.
[3] WhatIs.com: “Definition massive open online courses (MOOC)”, www.whatis.techtarget.com (version august 2013).
[4] Alexander McAuley, Bonnie Stewart, George Simens & Dave Cormier: The MOOC Model for Digital Practice, 2010, s. 10.
[5] MIT OpenCourseWare.
[6] Coursera.